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10 Common Water-Borne Diseases & How They Can Be Easily Prevented

Jun 10, 2017

Does it bother you to know that of all the water on earth, only 2.5 percent of it is fresh water and only about 1 percent of the fresh water is actually accessible? This puts a tremendous pressure on us as a society to utilise the available water efficiently.
The lack of water also manifests in the form of poor hygiene practices, which in turn are a major reason for the spread of water-borne diseases.
The dearth of clean water thus leads, directly and indirectly, to the outbreak of several diseases and water-related ailments. According to WHO, over 3.4 million people die annually from water-borne diseases and most of them are children. This makes water-borne diseases one of the leading causes of death in the world.Ensure clean and pure water in your house with Livpure RO water purifier
Keeping your body well hydrated is highly recommended for overall health benefits and to maintain strength if you are suffering from any illness. Livpure has devised the Finish Your Glass challenge to make sure you drink enough water every day. Take it up and take your first step towards a healthy lifestyle.

We have listed out 10 deadly water-borne diseases can be prevented by practicing good hygiene. Drink clean water, wash hands regularly especially after using the restroom, eat food that is fully cooked, avoid contact with contaminated water in ponds and lakes and maintain clean surroundings.
Shigellosis
Also known as bacillary dysentery or Marlow Syndrome, the disease is caused by a group of bacteria called Shigella. Those suffering from it experience diarrhoea, fever, and stomach cramps. In fact, Shigella is one of the world’s leading causes of diarrhoea. In severe cases, it may also cause seizures. Fortunately, in most cases, the illness subsides in 5 to 7 days.
Cholera

Yet another illness caused by bacteria, cholera is the result of Vibrio cholera invading our body. Typical symptoms include extreme diarrhoea and vomiting. It can be life threatening if left untreated, and death is usually due to severe dehydration. However, it is easily cured using modern medicine.
Hepatitis A
This is a highly contagious viral infection that affects the liver. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, stomach pain, nausea, dark urine, and jaundice. Children infected with the HAV virus may sometimes not show symptoms at all, while in rare cases, the older people might suffer from acute liver failure. Hepatitis A vaccination is an effective way to prevent this disease as it provides lifelong immunity.
Leptospirosis
This infection is caused by the Leptospira bacteria. Symptoms can be as mild as fever, headache and muscle pains. However, the lack of treatment can lead to Weil’s disease and severe pulmonary haemorrhage syndrome, which is characterised by kidney damage, meningitis (brain and spinal cord membrane inflammation), liver failure and respiratory distress. It can be fatal in such extreme cases.
Typhoid fever
Over 21.5 million people in developing countries around the world are affected by typhoid. In fact, the disease is most common in India. The culprit here is the Salmonella Typhi bacteria. Patients suffer from prolonged high fever, accompanied by headaches, abdominal pain, severe weakness, and constipation. Vaccination against typhoid has proven effective, but it does not provide the body lifelong immunity.
 

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