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Ill effects of dehydration and how you can prevent them

Mar 01, 2017

Does your mouth feel dry and sticky all the time? Do you suffer from chronic constipation and don’t urinate as frequently as you used to? Congratulations! You have successfully dehydrated yourself by not drinking enough water. If you still don’t hydrate yourself sufficiently, the effects are going to be even more severe.


Dehydration is a serious problem. Water makes up about two-thirds of your body. It helps in lubricating your joints, eliminates toxins, keeps your skin healthy and facilitates proper digestion. Since your body uses so much of water to perform all these functions, the water used needs to be replaced to maintain the balance. When your body loses one or two percent of its entire body content, you’ll feel thirsty. This is a sign that you need to replenish the lost fluids.




Dehydration happens when you ignore this sign and don’t drink enough water. The lack of water hinders your body functions, and if you still don’t pay heed to the signs your body gives you, the situation can become life threatening. Mild dehydration can be treated easily, but severe dehydration may get out of hand. Let’s take a look at the ill effects of dehydration.


1) Kidney Stones


The lack of fluids in the body can have a severe effect on your kidneys. When you get dehydrated, the minerals in your urine become concentrated and form crystals, which we commonly refer to as kidney stones. These stones may stay in your kidney or travel down your urinary tract.


2) Constipation


Chronic constipation is an annoying problem. Water is essential for proper digestion. Your food makes its way through the stomach, the intestines and on to the colon. If you’re dehydrated, the large intestine soaks up water from the food waste and makes it difficult for stool to pass. When stool doesn’t pass for a few days, it turns into constipation and can even lead to bleeding, causing more problems for you.



3) Cholesterol Problems


When you don’t drink enough water, the blood in your body becomes concentrated. When the heart pumps and pushes these thick blood vessels, they get damaged. The cholesterol in your body acts as a substitute for the fluids and keeps the blood vessels from tearing up. But if you’re dehydrated for a long time, the blood flow begins to decrease. As a result, your cholesterol rises and blocks many arteries. It can even lead to strokes and heart attacks.


4) Muscle Damage


Dehydration majorly affects your muscles. Not drinking enough water causes muscle tiredness. They lack the required lubrication and can be severely damaged if you’re an active person.




The effects of not drinking enough water look scary, don’t they? But there are ways you can avoid getting dehydrated. These prevention methods involve increasing your fluid intake throughout the day.


1) If you’re going to an outdoor event or a marathon, plan ahead and carry extra water. Heat and excessive sweating drain all the water from your body. Make sure that you compensate for the loss of fluids from your body and maintain a healthy balance.


2) Avoid the consumption of alcohol. This should be followed especially when the weather is warm. Alcohol increases water loss from your body. Even if you consume alcohol, make sure you drink an equal amount of water to stay hydrated.


3) Avoid too much of exercise or exposure to heat during hot days. Try to stress yourself less on such days. More importantly, carry enough water when you go to the gym.


4) If you’re sick or anyone in your family is ill with fever, diarrhoea or vomiting, the risk of dehydration is more. Ensure that the fluid intake is regular and more.


5) Dress for the weather to ensure that you don’t sweat more than you need to. Light coloured and light weight clothes help your skin breathe and insulate you from the sun.


6) Keep an eye open for the symptoms of dehydration. The most common signs are:


  • Excessive thirst
  • Cracked lips
  • Dizziness
  • Dark coloured urine
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Stomach or leg cramps
  • Nosebleeds
  • Fever


If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, your first reflex should be to drink bottles and bottles of water.


7) Use wet towels and water mist on your skin to keep yourself cool. During summer, you must ensure that water must enter your body one way or the other.


8) Always keep an Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) handy. ORS helps restore the salts in your body when it is dehydrated.


To conclude, you have to keep your body hydrated at all times if you don’t want to get affected by a painful illness. It’s not just water, make all types of fluids your best friend. Let’s give you an additional fact; water makes your skin radiant! So, look gorgeous and feel great by getting loaded with water!



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